Boccioni (1882-1916) is widely acknowledged to have been the most significant visual artist associated with Futurism. Equally gifted as a writer, he was also one of the movement’s most important theorists, and played a leading role in drafting a number of its key statements. Born in Calabria, Boccioni settled in Rome in 1899 where he met Gino Severini while attending classes at the Scuola Libera del Nudo. Like Severini, he was instructed in the Divisionist technique by Giacomo Balla, and became an accomplished exponent of the style. Symbolism and Expressionism also exerted important influences on his early work.
In 1906 he travelled to Paris and Russia, settling in Milan on his return to Italy. Boccioni’s restless nature and compulsion to create a “living art” responded to the revolutionary spirit of F. T. Marinetti’s Futurist movement, which he joined the following year along with Severini, Balla, Luigi Russolo and Carlo Carrà. He continued to employ the Divisionist technique in his early Futurist works, which focused on urban scenes and sought to evoke psychological states. Toward the end of 1911 he encountered Cubism during a visit to Paris.
Yet whilst this superficially ‘modernised’ Boccioni’s imagery in the short term, it was to have little lasting impact on his artistic vision. This was largely due to his fascination with the philosophy of Henri Bergson, who argued that intuition and subjective experience – rather than rational analysis – offered the most authentic means of understanding reality. For Boccioni, the multiple perspectives of Cubist painting enabled the viewer to accumulate information about an object’s physical properties, but had little to say about its essence or ‘interior force’, as perceived by the true artist.
On the same basis, Boccioni rejected Balla’s ‘cinematographic’ approach to the problem of depicting movement, seeking to convey a sense of the continuity of motion, rather than to divide it into artificial, sequential stages. Boccioni achieved this ambition most fully in his sculptural work, vividly expressing a sense of flux through the flowing, spiralling forms of his striding figures.
Although most of his three-dimensional works were destroyed shortly after the First World War, their incorporation of disparate and unconventional materials such as hair, glass and wire was revolutionary. In 1914 he published his theoretical tract Futurist Painting and Sculpture, and later served with Marinetti and other Futurists in the First World War. He died in 1916 after falling from his horse during a training exercise.
Eric Estorick (1913-93) was an American sociologist and writer who began seriously to collect works of art after he came to live in England following the Second World War. Born in Brooklyn, Estorick studied at New York University during the early 1930s. It was there that he discovered The Gallery of Living Art in Washington Square College, a remarkable collection containing masterpieces by Picasso, Léger, Miró and Matisse which was to inspire him to become a collector himself.Find out more...
The Estorick Collection is housed in a beautiful Georgian building previously known as Northampton Lodge. It was constructed between 1807 and 1810 by the entrepreneur Henry Leroux of Stoke Newington, who leased a plot of land from the Ninth Earl of Northampton in 1803 to build a series of house.Find out more...