Renato Guttuso (1911-1987) is one of Italy’s most widely respected modern painters. Towards the end of the 1930s his powerful brand of expressionist realism vividly conveyed the angst of a generation which wanted its art to reflect and engage with the urgency of contemporary life. Rejecting both the formalism of abstract painting and the naturalism advocated by those on the far right of Fascism’s cultural establishment, Guttuso played a key role in forging a style that would go on to dominate Italian art during the immediate post-war years.
Born in Sicily, Guttuso began to paint at an early age, receiving encouragement from his father, a committed Socialist. His first assured works of the late 1920s reveal the influence of the then dominant Novecento school, yet after moving to Rome in 1937 he aligned himself with the Corrente group, which sought to create an art free from rhetorical overtones, and adopted an increasingly critical stance toward Mussolini’s ailing regime. Guttuso fought in the Resistance, and in the post-war period his imagery found favour with the Italian Communist Party (PCI), which disdained the perceived elitism of abstraction. Resolutely ‘popular’, his work continued to chronicle Italy’s frequently turbulent political life, and the changing face of its society, for over forty years.
Among Guttuso’s most enduring subjects were the landscapes and inhabitants of southern Italy, their vitality being celebrated in works employing a suitably rich and vibrant palette reflecting the intense colours of his native Sicily: ‘the fire of Etna, the turquoise of the Tyrrhenian Sea, the green of the lizards and the twisted vegetation, and the yellow of the oranges and sulphur’.
Organised in collaboration with the Galleria d’Arte Maggiore, Bologna (Italy), Renato Guttuso: Painter of Modern Life was the first major exhibition in the United Kingdom for almost twenty years to focus on the career of this important artist, offering British audiences the opportunity to explore the work of a pivotal figure in modern Italian culture, and to consider some of the questions it raises concerning the role of the artist – and of art itself – in modern society.
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Peter de Francia and Renato Guttuso
A Friendship Across Europe
14 January – 4 April 2015
A selection of drawings by the British artist Peter de Francia made in Italy in the years 1947 to 1953. It is dedicated to the friendship between the two artists who met in post-war Italy. Peter de Francia worked in Rome in the circle of Guttuso and at times in the same studio. Both artists shared a belief in Neo-Realism and social engagement.
Guttuso on de Francia: ‘This passionate feeling for human affairs is always to be found in his work, whether he is tackling great dramatic themes of modern life, or simple subjects such as nudes, portraits or people in trains or on the street.’