Marino Marini (1901-1980)
Marini initially studied painting at the Accademia in Florence until, fascinated by Etruscan art, he changed to sculpture. Rodin and Rosso were also formative influences on his work. In 1929 Marini travelled to Paris where he met Maillol and Picasso and mixed with Campigli and de Chirico. In the late 1930s horses and riders emerged as the dominant subject of his art, remaining so for the duration of his career. During and after the Second World War this once heroic theme became a metaphor for suffering. In 1939 he began his Pomona series of female figures, which represented timeless, incorruptible beauty for Marini, thus balancing the increasing negativity of his horses and riders. Marini was awarded the Grand Prize for Sculpture at the 1952 Venice Biennale.

Marino Marini, Quadriga, 1942 ©DACS 2007