Ardengo Soffici (1879-1964)
In 1897 Soffici enrolled at the Accademia after moving with his parents to Florence and later studied at the Scuola Libera del Nudo. He moved to Paris in 1900 and remained there for seven years, his circle of friends including Braque, Derain, Picasso, Gris and Guillaume Apollinaire, whom he met through his work for Symbolist journals. After returning to Italy Soffici wrote articles on his artist friends for the first issue of La Voce. Under the auspices of the magazine he organized an Impressionist exhibition in Florence in 1910 with an entire room devoted to Medardo Rosso. In 1911 Soffici published a negative review of a Futurist exhibition which led him to be assaulted by Marinetti, Boccioni and Carrà in Florence. Nevertheless, Soffici became enthusiastic about Futurism, exhibiting with the group in 1913 and giving them prime coverage in Lacerba, the journal which he edited with Giovanni Papini. Throughout this period Soffici was experimenting with a variety of pictorial styles influenced by Cézanne and the Cubists. After serving in the First World War he displayed a new reverence for Tuscan tradition, which manifested itself in the naturalistic landscapes which remained the mainstay of his art until his death.

Ardengo Soffici, Deconstruction of the Planes of a Lamp, 1912-1913